As maritime piracy and armed robbery attacks reach their lowest recorded level in almost three decades, the ICC International Maritime Bureau (IMB) is calling for efforts to reduce piracy to be sustained.
The ICC IMB’s annual report recorded 115 incidents of piracy and armed robbery against ships in 2022 – compared to 132 in 2021 – with half of them occurring in Southeast Asian waters, particularly in the Singapore Straits, where incidents continue to rise.
Perpetrators were successful in gaining access to vessels in 95 percent of the reported incidents broken down as 107 vessels boarded, two vessels hijacked, five attempted attacks and one vessel fired upon. Nearly all the incidents occurring during the hours of darkness.
ICC IMB added that the reduction is largely attributed to an overall decrease of piracy in the Gulf of Guinea – down from 35 incidents in 2021 to 19 in 2022.
However, sustained efforts are needed to ensure the continued safety of seafarers in that region, which remains dangerous. The report pointed to two incidents in the last quarter of 2022. The first occurred in mid-November, when a ro-ro vessel was commandeered by pirates, around 28 nautical miles southwest of Turtle Islands, Sierra Leone. All crew were taken hostage and the pirates tried to navigate the vessel through shallow waters resulting in the vessel running aground. The crew managed to free themselves and took refuge in the citadel until the Sierra Leone authorities boarded the vessel.
In mid-December, a Suezmax tanker was also fired upon, 87 nautical miles northwest of Bata, Equatorial Guinea.
IMB director Michael Howlett said: “The IMB applauds the prompt and decisive actions of the international navies and regional authorities in the Gulf of Guinea, which have positively contributed to the drop in reported incidents and ensuring continued safety to crews and trade. Both these latter incidents do, however, cause concern and illustrate that efforts to enhance maritime security in the region must be sustained.”
A third of all incidents reported globally in 2022 have been in the Singapore Straits, with vessels successfully boarded in all 38 incidents. Most vessels boarded were over 50,000 dwt, including six laden vessels over 150,000 dwt. While these are considered low level opportunistic crimes and fall under the definition of armed robbery, crews continue to be at risk. In the 38 reported incidents, two crew were threatened and four were taken hostage for the duration of the incident. It has also been reported that in at least three incidents a gun was used to threaten the crew.
The IMB piracy reporting centre also believes there is a degree of under reporting as well as late reporting of incidents from these waters and encourages Masters to report all incidents as early as possible so that local authorities are able to identify, investigate and apprehend the perpetrators.